By Rail through the Balkans in 2013

Posted in: Train


Zagreb still exerts Habsburg style. Photo © hidden europe

If you are planning travels through the Balkan region this summer, it is worth bearing in mind that the pattern of rail services has changed radically over recent months. And the changes are not generally for the good.

Croatia is gearing up to join the European Union this summer and rather perversely celebrates its accession to the EU-Club by axing rail services across its frontiers. So much for internationalism and freedom of movement!

Rail links from Croatia

The fastest train of the day from Zagreb to Vienna has been axed. There are now no services on the route from Zagreb to Vienna via Sopron and the sole remaining direct train between the two capitals is the once-daily service via Maribor and Graz.

Many services have been axed in eastern Croatia, among them all trains on the route from Osijek (Croatia) to Pécs (Hungary). The through sleeping cars from Vincovci to Munich have disappeared. While last year there were four trains each day from Zagreb to Belgrade, now there is just one.

International services

Croatia’s evident lack of enthusiasm for trains has international repercussions. Sarajevo is hard hit by the changes. The daily trains from Sarajevo to Belgrade and Budapest both slipped quietly through eastern Croatia en route to their respective destinations, but line closures in Croatia mean that the international services which relied on them have all been cancelled.

This leaves Bosnia decidedly isolated from the rest of Europe’s rail network. Residents of Sarajevo looking to connect to the wider world by train must now rely on a single train — a once-daily train from Sarajevo to Zagreb via Banja Luka.

Greek rail changes

Greece has imposed on itself a measure of isolation. In 2011, it axed all train services across its borders. A limited cross-border service was reinstated at weekends between Macedonia and Greece in July 2012, but that too was dropped after a few weeks. We are not aware of any plans for renewed cross-border trains to or from Greece in 2013.

Rather to our surprise, though, one rail service within Greece has recently been reinstated. Thrice daily InterCity services now link Thessaloniki with Florina.

The Balkan Express

Frequencies have been thinned on the important routes from Budapest to both Belgrade and Zagreb, and the sole daytime train from Belgrade to Sofia (called the Balkan Express) is presently suspended. That leaves just one train each day running from Serbia into Bulgaria. That’s the overnight service linking the two capitals, which is a bit short on creature comforts. By all accounts, it does not have any sleeping cars nowadays, and the only concession to luxury is a single couchette coach.

Whether the Balkan Express will be reinstated is a detail that the relevant railway administrations keep secret. That affection for secrecy has long been a distinctive Balkan talent. Train timetables are hard to come by. They are often aspirational statements rather than definite commitments. We have waited for trains that never came, but elsewhere have been happily surprised to discover a rail link where we thought none existed. It does however make travel in the region all the more interesting.

About the author


About the authors: Nicky and Susanne manage a Berlin-based editorial bureau that supplies text and images to media across Europe. Together they edit hidden europe magazine.

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3 thoughts on “By Rail through the Balkans in 2013”

  1. Wouldn’t generally recommend the Balkan Flexipass. Rail fares are so cheap in the countries it covers that the pass hardly makes sense. The pass allows travel on internal journeys, not merely international ones, within its area of validity. All main agents sell the pass. It can also be purchased at selected principal stations within its area of validity (though NOT by residents of those countries). Interestingly, agents outside the region tend to sell only the first class pass, but if purchased in the Balkan region a second-class option is available. Current adult pass prices (taken from the Serbian Railways website) range from €88 for a five-day second-class pass to €252 for a fifteen-day first-class pass.

  2. Balkans is a great place to travel by train, kind of old style vintage type. Scenery in many cases just marvelous, really recommend Belgrade to Bar journey during the day
    Also might be useful for travelers to know if someone plans to travel a lot in the region cheapest option is to buy Balkan Flexi Pass (though do it not from abroad, but already in one of the Balkan countries from a ticket counter)

    1. Hi Nicki! I’m desperately looking for some recent information about Balkan Flexi pass. I would like to know which are the conditions because I just read that you only can buy the Balkan Flexipass to go from one boarder to another, you are not allowed to travel inside the country. That sounds for me strange. When did you buy your Balkan Flexipass? Is it easy to find? Thanks in advance.


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